20 Cybersecurity Short Questions

Cyber security
  1. What is cybersecurity? Answer: Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting computer systems, networks, and sensitive information from unauthorized access, theft, or damage.
  2. What are some common types of cybersecurity threats? Answer: Common types of cyber threats include malware, phishing attacks, ransomware, and social engineering.
  3. What is multi-factor authentication? Answer: Multi-factor authentication is a security measure that requires more than one form of authentication, such as a password and a biometric scan, to access a system or application.
  4. What is a vulnerability assessment? Answer: A vulnerability assessment is a process of identifying and analyzing potential weaknesses or flaws in a computer system or network.
  5. What is a security breach? Answer: A security breach is an unauthorized access, acquisition, or disclosure of sensitive information.
  6. What is a denial-of-service attack? Answer: A denial-of-service attack is an attempt to make an online service unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources.
  7. What is encryption? Answer: Encryption is the process of converting plaintext into ciphertext to protect it from unauthorized access.
  8. What is the purpose of a firewall? Answer: The purpose of a firewall is to monitor and control incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.
  9. What is a honeypot? Answer: A honeypot is a decoy system designed to lure attackers and gather information about their methods and motivations.
  10. What is a patch? Answer: A patch is a software update that fixes known security vulnerabilities or bugs.
  11. What is the difference between a virus and a worm? Answer: A virus is a type of malware that requires a host program or file to spread, while a worm is a self-replicating type of malware that can spread across networks without the need for a host program.
  12. What is a botnet? Answer: A botnet is a network of compromised computers that can be controlled remotely by an attacker.
  13. What is social engineering? Answer: Social engineering is the use of psychological manipulation to trick people into divulging confidential information.
  14. What is a zero-day vulnerability? Answer: A zero-day vulnerability is a software vulnerability that is unknown to the vendor and therefore has no patch or update available.
  15. What is the purpose of an intrusion detection system (IDS)? Answer: The purpose of an IDS is to monitor network traffic and detect suspicious activity or attacks.
  16. What is a ransomware attack? Answer: A ransomware attack is a type of malware that encrypts a victim’s files and demands payment in exchange for the decryption key.
  17. What is a brute force attack? Answer: A brute force attack is an automated attempt to guess a password or encryption key by trying every possible combination until the correct one is found.
  18. What is a phishing attack? Answer: A phishing attack is an attempt to trick someone into giving away sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, or credit card numbers, by posing as a trustworthy entity.
  19. What is a man-in-the-middle attack? Answer: A man-in-the-middle attack is an attempt to intercept and manipulate communication between two parties without their knowledge or consent.
  20. What is a security audit? Answer: A security audit is a comprehensive review of a computer system or network to identify vulnerabilities, weaknesses, and areas for improvement in security practices.
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